Outline of the book


  1. What Is This Book About?
  2. Beginning in the Middle - Mariposa, 1961
  3. The Invention of Folk Music
  4. A Child Shall Lead Them
  5. Canadian Beginnings
  6. Gibbon and the Canadian Mosaic
  7. Red Is The Colour- The Other Mosaic –1900’s-30’s
  8. The Early Labour Song Tradition in Canada
  9. Red Front to Popular Front
  10. New Deal and No Deal
  11. Birth of a Nation
  12. Put Canada First!
  13. People’s Songs and People’s Music
  14. The Golden Age of Canadian Folk Song 1947- 1962- The Beginning
  15. The Emergence of a Repertoire
  16. The First Tour- The UJPO Folksingers
  17. Foreign Affairs
  18. World Music in the Golden Age
  19. Founding Folkies
  20. From Bonavista to the Vancouver Island
  21. Sam Gesser and Folkways Canada
  22. Country and Folk
  23. The “Revival”- Folk as Pop
  24. Mariposa Revisited- The End of the Beginning
  25. The Boom - Early Canadian Folk Professionals and the Marketplace
  26. The Songwriters
  27. East is East and West is West- Halifax, Ottawa, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver & Smaller Towns and Smaller Scenes
  28. Folk Rock
  29. The Real Boom- Folk in the 70’s
  30. The Festivals
  31. The Message in the Music- Political and Social Images in Songwriting and Folk Music in Canada in the 60’s and 70’s
  32. Bigger Than Ever- the 80’s
  33. New World, New Music
  34. The Little Folk- Children and Folk Music
  35. Looking Forward – Looking Backward- Folk Music at the End of the Century and the Beginning of the New Millennium
  36. What Does It Mean
9. Red Front to Popular Front

In the mid 30’s the Communists began looking for a popular culture with national roots and discovered folk music. The US experience, the anti-fascist songs of Spain and Germany, and the new awareness of the rebel tradition in Canadian history all contributed to the emergence of a culture of resistance in the context of the Popular Front.

Album cover of 6 Songs for Democracy – Discos de las Brigadas Internationales (songs from the Spanish Civil War)
Cover of the pamphlet, Hello Canada! Canada’s Mackenzie Papineau Battalion, 1837-1937, telling the stories of members of this Canadian anti-fascist battalion in Spain during the Spanish Civil War
Photograph of Ernst Busch with comrades from the XI Brigade of anti-fascist forces in Spain during the Spanish Civil War. As printed in Ernst Busch: Canciones de las Brigadas Internationales, (VEB Deutsche Schallplatten, Berlin: Aurora-Schallplatten, 1963). Note: Busch is the only man in the photo not in uniform.

Cover of the book, Soviet Writers’ Congress 1934: The Debate on Socialist Realism and Modernism in the Soviet Union, with essays by Maxim Gorky, Karl Radek, Nicholai Buhkarin, Andrey Zhdanov and others, (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1977)

Lyrics to Freiheit, a Spanish Civil War era anti-fascist song, as printed in the NFLY songbook, Toward Singing Tomorrows, (Toronto: National Federation of Labor Youth, 1951), page 26
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