Outline of the book


  1. What Is This Book About?
  2. Beginning in the Middle - Mariposa, 1961
  3. The Invention of Folk Music
  4. A Child Shall Lead Them
  5. Canadian Beginnings
  6. Gibbon and the Canadian Mosaic
  7. Red Is The Colour- The Other Mosaic –1900’s-30’s
  8. The Early Labour Song Tradition in Canada
  9. Red Front to Popular Front
  10. New Deal and No Deal
  11. Birth of a Nation
  12. Put Canada First!
  13. People’s Songs and People’s Music
  14. The Golden Age of Canadian Folk Song 1947- 1962- The Beginning
  15. The Emergence of a Repertoire
  16. The First Tour- The UJPO Folksingers
  17. Foreign Affairs
  18. World Music in the Golden Age
  19. Founding Folkies
  20. From Bonavista to the Vancouver Island
  21. Sam Gesser and Folkways Canada
  22. Country and Folk
  23. The “Revival”- Folk as Pop
  24. Mariposa Revisited- The End of the Beginning
  25. The Boom - Early Canadian Folk Professionals and the Marketplace
  26. The Songwriters
  27. East is East and West is West- Halifax, Ottawa, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver & Smaller Towns and Smaller Scenes
  28. Folk Rock
  29. The Real Boom- Folk in the 70’s
  30. The Festivals
  31. The Message in the Music- Political and Social Images in Songwriting and Folk Music in Canada in the 60’s and 70’s
  32. Bigger Than Ever- the 80’s
  33. New World, New Music
  34. The Little Folk- Children and Folk Music
  35. Looking Forward – Looking Backward- Folk Music at the End of the Century and the Beginning of the New Millennium
  36. What Does It Mean
28. Folk Rock

It can be said that folk and rock music saved each other. Folk music gave rock content and lyrical depth while rock breathed new life into folk music, and provided a musical dynamism that took it to new and larger audiences. Neil Young, Denny Doherty, and Zal Yanofsky went from folk clubs to become major artists in folk based rock. The already established songwriters started recording and performing with electric bands while a new generation of folk artists and groups used elements of rock music to establish a new sound in Canadian folk music. Names like Perth County Conspiracy, Humphrey and the Dumptrucks, Fraser and Debolt and Three’s A Crowd became identified with a hybrid approach to folk music. Songwriters including Bruce Cockburn and Murray MacLachlan began to establish themselves as successors to the “big 4”.  In England, Pentangle and Fairport Convention defined a new approach to the interpretation of traditional songs and Canadians took note of new possibilities.

Photo of folksinging group, Three’s A Crowd, circa 1967
The Stormy Clovers on the cover of Hoot Magazine, Volume 2, Number 4, July 1966
Ad for Bruce Cockburn’s first three records released on True North Records, Bruce Cockburn, High Winds White Sky, and Sunwheel Dance, as printed in the Mariposa Festival Program 1974
Ad for self-titled albums for Bruce Cockburn, and The Perth County Conspiracy, as printed in the Mariposa Festival Program 1970
Copyright © 2008-2015 Gary Cristall. All rights reserved.